The decision to grow houseplants can be justified by the relative ease of caring for them. Plants do not require constant monitoring and attention from the plant parent. They do not need to be walked with, waste removed, or taken to the doctor.
Although houseplants are less demanding to look after that does not mean they can be neglected altogether. To take good care of them — which stimulates their growth and development and not their eventual death — one needs to consider a few fundamental forces that sustain plant life.
Indoor Plants & Light
Daylight, sunlight, is key to stimulating photosynthesis in plants. Photosynthesis is an important biochemical process that occurs in the chloroplasts of cells and results in the release of energy and the formation of glucose as a nutrient.
During photosynthesis, plant cells release molecular oxygen as a byproduct, which is vital not only to plants for respiration but also to humans. Keep in mind that prolonged exposure to direct sunlight can be devastating, and can cause your house plant’s leaves to dry out. Therefore, an illuminated room with indirect sunlight is recommended.
Watering House Plants
Moisture is a vital criterion for house plants. Plants use water for metabolic processes, including cellular nutrition. Water, mainly raised by the vessels from the roots to the leaves, allows plants to cool down in hot weather.
A plant deprived of sufficient freshwater withers and dies, losing its aesthetic qualities. It’s crucial to ensure a sufficient water supply. The presence of drainage holes at the bottom of the pot will drain excess moisture and stimulate the growth of the root system.
A critical issue is determining how much water the plants need. It is ineffective to use enough or not enough criteria because it does not make any quantitative sense. It is crucial to emphasize that plant water nutrition should be systematic. In other words, the individual must develop the habit of watering the plants periodically, but this should not happen every day.
When watering plants, it is essential to consider their appearance. The plant will signal if it does not have enough water or, conversely, too much. These signals will be the dryness of the leaves, the overall color of the plant, and the moisture of the soil.
A great tool is to test this with a finger or wooden stick by placing that about an inch deep into the loose soil. If the finger/stick turns out to be dry, this signals the need to apply additional moisture.
It is essential to understand that the frequency of watering a houseplant is a function of its size, natural needs, and the humidity of the environment in which it is grown. Thus, basic recommendations for houseplants generally describe the need for watering once every 1 to 3 weeks.
However, to be more specific, particular attention should be paid to the variety of plants. Succulents, for example, require watering once every 10-15 days, whereas more classic house plants need watering once every 5-10 days.
Therefore, when growing a plant in the home, the individual should be familiar with the types of plants and their water needs beforehand to ensure adequate watering.
Indoor Plant Growth
Finally, it is critical to consider indoor plant growth when ensuring quality care. Indoor plants have unlimited growth potential, and it follows from this that a plant can grow indefinitely under the constant influence of favorable conditions.
However, under conditions of physical isolation — due to a little pot or container — the plant can be very stressed. To prevent such problems, it is imperative to transplant plants into larger pots promptly.
In addition, excessive branches and leaves can require too much water, so it is appropriate to cut them back. Otherwise, it is essential to use fertilizer if plants need to be encouraged to grow. Fertilizers make up a large part of plant growth, and selecting them wisely is an essential strategy for quality care.
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